Access Governance Interview Questions

What is the method of providing access to a user into a server with Active Directory? And, how would you disable somebody in an Active Directory?

To give access to a user, first, browse the server in the Active Directory and look for the relevant Access groups in the Server properties. After that, add the user to the preferred group that offers access to the specific service. On the contrary, to disable somebody, look for the user in the Organizational Unit (OU) and right-click, choose Disable Account.

Basically, cryptography can be defined as the study of secured and safeguarded communication techniques that let the sender and recipient see the contents. The concept is taken from a set of calculations based on rules, known as algorithms, and mathematical concepts. This helps convert plaintext into ciphertext and then again into plaintext. The entire process is known as decryption.

IAM Manager

IAM managers have a role that is similar to IAM directors. Managers usually have several team members who they are directly responsible for overseeing. Consequently, IAM managers need a strong technical background to understand the projects that their employees are responsible for. Companies also usually make managers responsible for making decisions about how access-related security practices are implemented.

High-Level Duties: Major duties include directly managing employees and making complex decisions with serious implications for an organization.Education required: An undergraduate degree is required for most jobs. Candidates with a strong background in management are preferred.Who can apply: Candidates with a background in both management and IAM can apply.Certification: IAM managers may consider pursuing the Certified Identity and Access Manager (CIAM) and/or Certified Identity Management Professional (CIMP) designations.

What can you tell us about yourself?

Whether you are a fresher or an experienced IAM professional, you will have to give a concise, on-point answer to this question. You would have to open up in such a way that the interviewer gets to learn more about your experience and skills so as to figure out whether you are a good match for the organization or not.

Compliance is important because U.S., worldwide and industry-specific data security and privacy laws contain specific IAM mandates. For example, HIPAAs Security and Privacy Rules define access control measures for health information. Depending on their business, organizations might have to comply with regulations such as the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, GDPR, the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, PCI DSS and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

You might explain that as security threats rise and user privacy preferences become more difficult to control, IAM is becoming more essential to organizations of all sizes and in all industries. IAM is crucial at a time when passwords can be hacked in minutes, corporate data breaches occur frequently, and criminals have infiltrated many organizations and government agencies. Only one set of credentials needs to be hacked for a bad actor to infiltrate an enterprise network.

Collaboration and communication skills are crucial. Being a team player is important whether youre a recent grad, a career-changer or a seasoned IAM professional. Even those in the early stages of building their resumes should be able to address this question. “Many new graduates come from [IT-related programs] that generally have team-based projects,” said Darren Yamaki, director of identity and access management at the University of Southern California.

A related term is identity governance. A blog posting by Secret Double Octopus defines identity governance as a subcategory of IAM that “emerged from the needs of organizations to comply with new regulatory requirements such as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). IG provides organizations with better visibility to identities and access privileges, and better controls to detect and prevent inappropriate access.”

Knowing the vocabulary of IAM is also helpful for recent graduates and career-changers. They might read up on the major components of IAM — including the provisioning and deprovisioning of identities, securing and authentication of user identities, and authorization to access resources or perform specific actions. Other terminology worth brushing up on includes privileged identity management, authorization and access control, federation, role-based access control (RBAC) and state transfer. Related terms might include load balancer (for cloud-oriented questions) or spot instances (for interviews related to infrastructure.

Data Governance Interview Questions (and Answers) – Part 1

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