Accounting Interview Technical Questions

1 Describe the liabilities items on a balance sheet.

Sample Answer:

  • Revolver: This is a line of credit, which is not fixed in size, but rather has a maximum limit. A company can borrow and then pay off the debt at any time. Think of it as a credit card for companies. A Revolver is typically secured by a companys working capital assets, such as Accounts Receivable, Inventory, and Prepaid Assets.
  • Accounts Payable: This is almost the opposite of Accounts Receivable. The company has received items but hasnt yet paid for them. Its an IOU to their supplier.
  • Deferred Revenue: The company has collected cash from customers for services that will be delivered over time (think a subscription you pay upfront for an entire year).
  • Accrued Expenses: These expenses are recorded on the income statement but havent yet been paid in cash. These are typically recurring expenses like rent, salaries, etc.
  • Deferred Tax Liability: The company has paid fewer cash taxes than it owes and will have to make it up by paying additional taxes to the government in the future.
  • Long-Term Debt: Just like a car loan or a mortgage on your house, this is an amount of debt that matures in more than a year.
  • 29) Name different branches of accounting

    There are three branches of accounting:

  • Financial accounting
  • Management accounting
  • Cost accounting
  • 132) Differentiate between internal audit and statutory audit

    Candidate can answer the question of interviewer like, the difference between internal audit and statutory audit is:

    Internal audit Statutory audit
    An internal audit is an inspection conducted by the internal auditors of the organization. A statutory audit is an inspection conducted by the external auditors.
    It is not mandatory for the company. It is mandatory for the company.

    63) What are assets minus liabilities?

    Assets minus liabilities are defined as:

    76) What is reversing journal entries?

    Reversing journal entries are entries made at the beginning of an accounting period to cancel out the adjusting journal entries. These entries are made at the end of the previous accounting period.

    98) Mention the types of ledgers

    There are three types of ledger

  • General ledger
  • Debtors ledger
  • Creditors ledger
  • GAAP means Generally Accepted Accounting Principle; it is a framework of accounting, standards, procedures & rules determined by the professional accounting industry and practiced by publicly traded U.S companies all over the U.S.A.

    39) Define depreciation and its types

    Depreciation can be defined as the value of an asset that is decreasing as it is in use. It has two types, such as:

  • Straight line method
  • Diminishing value method
  • Annuity method
  • Depletion method
  • Written down value method.
  • What are the three main financial statements?

    Sample Answer: The three main financial statements are

    The Income Statement discloses a companys revenues and expenses, which together yield net income over a period of time. The Balance Sheet discloses a companys assets, liabilities, and equity on a specific date. The Cash Flow Statement starts with net income from the Income Statement; then adjusts for non-cash expenses, non-operating expenses like capital expenditures, changes in working capital, or debt repayment and issuance to arrive at the companys closing cash balance.

    51) What is compound journal entry?

    A compound journal entry is just like other accounting entries where there is more than one debit, more than one credit, or more than one of both debits and credits. It is essentially a combination of several simple journal entries.

    60) When are revenues reported in the accounting period?

    Revenues are reported in the accounting period when service or goods have been delivered.

    3 most frequently asked accounting interview questions

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