Accounts Officer Interview Questions And Answers

Step back and give a high-level overview of the company’s current financial position, or companies in that industry in general. Highlight something on each of the three statements. Income statement: growth, margins, profitability. Balance sheet: liquidity, capital assets, credit metrics, liquidity ratios. Cash flow statement: short-term and long-term cash flow profile, any need to raise money or return capital to shareholders.

Negative working capital is common in some industries, such as grocery retail and the restaurant business. For a grocery store, customers pay upfront, inventory moves relatively quickly, but suppliers often give 30 days (or more) credit. This means that the company receives cash from customers before it needs the cash to pay suppliers. Negative working capital is a sign of efficiency in businesses with low inventory and accounts receivable. In other industries, negative working capital may signal a company is facing financial trouble.

Cash is king. The cash flow statement gives a true picture of how much cash the company is generating. That being said, it’s important to note that all three statements truly are required to get a full picture of the health of a company. Learn more about how the three financial statements are linked.

On the balance sheet, the asset account of inventory is reduced by the amount of the write-down, and so is shareholders’ equity. The income statement is hit with an expense in either COGS or a separate line item for the amount of the write-down, reducing net income. On the cash flow statement, the write-down is added back to operating cash flows as it’s a non-cash expense but must not be double-counted in the changes of non-cash working capital.

There are essentially four areas to consider when accounting for PP&E on the balance sheet: initial purchase, depreciation, additions (capital expenditures), and dispositions. In addition to these four, you may also have to consider revaluation. For many businesses, PP&E is the main capital asset that generates revenue, profitability, and cash flow.

Interview Questions for Account Officers:

Assesses time management skills and the ability to prioritize.

123) Explain various methods of calculating depreciation in details

Various methods of calculating depreciation are:

  • Double declining method: This method is used to calculate book value, which is multiplied by a fixed depreciation rate.
  • Units of production method: It is a way of charging depreciation on assets. This method is used when the asset’s value is closer to the units produces then years it is in used.
  • Straight-line method: It can be calculated by dividing the difference between the cost of assets and its salvage value by the expected years to be used.
  • Sum of year digit method: This method is based on the assumption that the assets productivity decreases with the passage of time.
  • Sinking fund method: A technique which is used when the cost of replacing asset is too high.
  • Fixed asset are assets which are tangible in nature. It is not used to sell in the near future and from which future benefits are derived.

    BEP or Break Event Point can be defined as a situation in which the company neither gets profit nor no loss. It involves the activity in which total revenues equal total costs.

    The cost sheet is a cost statement of product for a specific period of time. It contains direct and indirect expenses involved in producing a product.

    A chargeback is a process in the industry where wholesaler request amount, which is the difference between the price of manufacture and wholesaler.

    CMMI stands for Capability Maturity Model Integration. It is an approach to improve the organization’s approach to get the essential elements of the process.

    Candidate can answer this question as:

    CMM is a standard for measuring the maturity of a company’s software development processes. It is judged by IT service providers to deliver high-quality software.

    The cost sheet contains both direct and indirect expenses incurred in producing any product. The classifying the expenses incurred based on administration, office, distribution, and selling overheads.

    Invoice is a statement that contains:

  • Invoice Number
  • Invoice date
  • Name and address of the person
  • Name and address of the buyer
  • Description of services or goods involved
  • Applicable rates and taxes with percentages
  • Rate of the service or goods.
  • Quantity of the services and goods.
  • Price of the services and goods.
  • The invoice should be signed by the person making it.
  • Conditions of making the payment.
  • 3 most frequently asked accounting interview questions

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