Aria Accessibility Interview Questions And Answers

What is the difference between an accessibility audit and an accessibility test?

There are two main types of evaluations that can be performed to assess the accessibility of a digital product: an accessibility audit and an accessibility test.

An accessibility audit is a broad overview of the products compliance with accessibility standards. It typically includes a review of the code, design, and content to identify any potential barriers that could prevent users with disabilities from using the product.

An accessibility test, on the other hand, is a hands-on assessment of how well a user with a disability can perform specific tasks using the product. This type of evaluation is often used to assess the effectiveness of specific accessibility features, such as alternative text for s or captioning for videos.

While both audits and tests are important for ensuring the accessibility of digital products, they serve different purposes and should be used as complementary tools in an overall accessibility program.

What is the difference between assistive technology and adaptive technology?

When most people think of assistive technology, they picture devices like wheelchairs and walkers. However, assistive technology can actually refer to any type of device or software that helps people with disabilities to perform everyday tasks. This can include anything from dishwashers with special controls for people with limited mobility to text-to-speech software that helps people with visual impairments to read.

In contrast, adaptive technology is specifically designed to be used by people with disabilities. This includes modified computer keyboards, adapted door handles, and other devices that help people with physical limitations to live independently. While adaptive technology is a subset of assistive technology, the two terms are often used interchangeably.

1 Describe how you’d handle a single-page web app should and managing focus when changing routes.

Coming from the ReactJS background, I would share the solution react developers do:

To keep the focus on the top of the page the simple solution is to on changing the route move the id of the element of the next page.

The same trick can be done for the element-specific focus too.


Every mobile comes with inbuilt accessibility tools and we can use those to test mobile accessibility. Eg: screen readers we have Voice Over for Apple, talkback for Android, and so on.

For desktop, we have pre-installed, Free, as well as paid software for testing Such as Lighthouse, keyboard, screen readers.

Answer: ARIA stands for Accessible Rich Internet Application. ARIA is useful for screenreader users. It wont create any difference visually. There are many tags, states, and properties missing from the HTML tags. Also, there are many custom modules we make such as carousels, pagination, etc which are not defined in the HTML. These are impossible for screenreader users to understand.

ARIA provides information about such modules by defining the roles, properties, and states for screenreaders.

In short, ARIA is the bridge between missing information in HTML and screenreaders.

What is the most common form of seizure and how can you make your website accessible to people with this disability?

A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. Seizures can cause a variety of symptoms, from convulsions and loss of consciousness to more subtle changes in behavior. The most common form of seizure is called a tonic-clonic seizure, also known as a grand mal seizure. This type of seizure is characterized by muscle rigidity, loss of consciousness, and convulsions. Seizures can be caused by a variety of factors, including head injuries, stroke, infectious diseases, and certain neurological conditions. Approximately 1 in 26 people will experience a seizure at some point in their lives.

There are a few things you can do to make your website accessible to people with seizures. First, avoid using flashing lights or animation. These can trigger seizures in some people. Second, provide alternative content for any audio or video content on your site. This will allow people to still access the information even if they cannot see or hear the original content. Finally, make sure your website can be navigated using keyboard commands. This will allow people with limited mobility to still use your site.

By following these simple guidelines, you can help to ensure that your website is accessible to everyone.

Web accessibility questions and answers

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