4 Explain the rpgle TEST opcode and its function with an example
A test opcode is used whenever there is a need to determine whether or not a particular date, time, or timestamp has been accurately recorded. If the date is not valid, the low-level signal will be turned on; if it is valid, the indicator will not be turned on. In order to conduct the tests, operator extenders will be utilized. For example, test (d), test (t), and test (z) will be utilized for the date, the time, and the time stamp, respectively. Date of the test excluding the extended factor by default (z).
1 What is meant by the term “bind by reference”?
When we first create a module, we bind that module to an SRVPGM and then use that SRVPGM in one or more of our programmes, we are implementing a method that is known as “bind by the reference“.
2 In what ways exactly is the utilization of RGZPFM beneficial?
The RGZPFM technique is often utilized by our team if there is a need to recycle previously deleted data in a file for usage in subsequent insert processes. When adding information to a file, it is done so in a specific order that has been set beforehand. If we delete some entries in the middle of other entries, the open spaces that are created as a result wont be used to make way for new records because there wont be enough room. Because of this, the amount of space used up by records that have been deleted keeps growing, and we wont be able to use these records until we use the RGZPFM command to reorganize the storage space that is currently accessible. As soon as we delete the records, the file will be reorganized, and this will cause the record numbers of the remaining records to shift relative to one another. Lets imagine that the bulk of the programs use a particular file since the value of its key is the most common one. If we want to alter the access path of this file from sequential to key, or if we want to change the key value from one to another, we can utilize GZPFM. This will allow us to do either of those things.