Atlas Security Interview Questions

While attending a job interview, one should have the confidence and the clarity to crack it effortlessly. These expert-selected Cyber Security interview questions will make you familiar with the most frequently asked questions for you to prepare well for your next Cyber Security interview. It is segregated into three categories as Basic, Intermediate, and Advanced Cyber Security questions and answers to give you an easy walkthrough. Lets dive into it!

Cyber Security is one of the highly sought-after careers in the IT industry now. The demand grows as the need to get things online increases day by day. It also poses the industry with the major concern of securing data assets to prevent any misuse of data. The increase in cybercrimes has become a threat for major companies, which compels them to hire Cyber Security professionals like Cyber security Engineers and Cyber security analysts to secure company assets for business success. So, you can take advantage of this market trend and be a Cyber Security expert. Skim through these top 50 Cyber Security interview questions and answers to prepare yourself for the interview.

Do you think continuous learning is important in a cybersecurity career?

Your answer to any question related to ‘continuous learning’ should show a positive attitude toward it. Career-long learning is an essential trait for the cybersecurity domain, and showing that you are aware and accepting of this fact is bound to work in your favor. Your answer should convince the interviewer that you are interested in security and technology. Exhibit that you are willing to continuously improve the skills required to secure organizational systems effectively.

Mention how you have been learning continuously to reach where you are today. Bring up the certifications you have obtained and the ones you plan to acquire soon. Share an anecdote that demonstrates your learning and observation skills. You can also mention how you plan to make it big in cybersecurity.

Can you talk about a few commonly encountered cybersecurity attacks?

You could explain some of the following attacks:

  • Malware: Malicious programs are designed to damage organizational systems, such as viruses, Trojans, spyware, worms, ransomware, and adware. These are easily mitigated through robust anti-malware and antivirus software and commonsense security best practices.
  • Denial-of-service (DoS): These attacks exploit systems or networks and prevent end-users from accessing them. In some cases, the target is overwhelmed with malicious traffic, while sometimes, a program is used to trigger a crash. While typical DoS attacks may not result in data theft, they can lead to significant losses due to unplanned downtime that needs to be addressed by IT professionals.
  • Domain name system (DNS) attacks: These attacks target the domain name system. Most attacks manipulate the DNS to prevent end-users from accessing websites. Weaknesses in DNS can also be exploited to redirect end users to spoofed, malicious pages. Finally, DNS protocol can be leveraged to steal sensitive data, i.e., DNS tunneling.
  • Cross-site scripting (XSS): This attack compromises applications and enables attackers to assume the target’s identity. The attacker then carries out actions that only the user should execute and accesses sensitive data and functions.
  • Phishing: Disguised emails trick the target into downloading malicious attachments, sharing sensitive information, or clicking on dangerous links.
  • Man-in-the-middle: Attackers insert themselves into an existing data transfer, allowing them to intercept sensitive information coming from either side.
  • Brute force: Attackers use programs or guesswork to determine the right combination of credentials and access sensitive data.
  • SQL injection: Attackers exploit vulnerabilities in web security to hijack queries made to a database by an application. The attacker can then view, steal, or delete this data and even modify it to influence application performance.
  • Session hijacking: Attackers target users and cause them to lose control of an ongoing online session to steal data.
  • You receive a ‘Happy Birthday’ e-card from a friend as an email attachment on your birthday. What would you do?

    Scenario-based questions are an easy way for interviewers to understand your critical thinking and problem-solving skills. If a specific scenario is unfamiliar, fall back on the basics and don’t hesitate to talk about doing your research and asking for help.

    To answer this scenario-based question, mention that many risks need to be considered, such as:

  • Opening a malicious email is a risk in itself. Consider not opening the email and deleting it immediately.
  • If you use antivirus software or an email client with a high-security rating, leverage its features to scan the email and the attachment for viruses and other risks.
  • Email addresses are easy to spoof. Just because the email is marked from a friend does not mean it actually is. Consider checking with your friend over a call or text before proceeding.
  • Now, let’s look at some objective questions that may be asked.

    The interviewer might field these questions to gauge your domain-specific knowledge. Naturally, this is not an exhaustive list: brush up on your theory while keeping the specific role that you are applying for in mind.

    Pro tip: If a particular term or scenario seems unfamiliar, don’t try to bluff your way out of the situation. Instead, talk about the importance of continuous learning in cybersecurity and politely tell the interviewer that you will learn more about this term.

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